1326Rubin et al 2008 - Acne vulgaris, mental health and omega-3 fatty acids: a report of casesAcne vulgaris, mental health and omega-3 fatty acids: a report of casesAcne vulgaris, mental health and omega-3 fatty acids: a report of casesRubin MG, Kim K, Logan AC01/10/2008Lipids Health Dis. 13;7:36
Acne vulgaris is a common skin condition, one that is associated with significant psychological disability. The psychological impairments in acne include higher rates of depression, anxiety, anger and suicidal thoughts. Despite a paucity of clinical research, patients with skin conditions and/or mental health disorders are frequent consumers of dietary supplements. An overlap may exist between nutrients that potentially have both anti-acne and mood regulating properties; examples include omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil, chromium, zinc and selenium. Here we report on five cases of acne treated with eicosapentaenoic acid and antioxidant nutrients. Self-administration of these nutrients may have improved inflammatory acne lesions and global aspects of well-being; the observations suggest a need for controlled trials.
acne, skin, fatty acids, omega-3, vitamins, mineralshttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18851733?ordinalpos=30&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSumView this and related abstracts via PubMed here. Free Full Text of this paper is available on the Journal website
117526 September 2008 - FAB CONFERENCE - Feeding Young Minds - Nairn (Highlands)Food and Behaviour Research26/09/200826/09/2008
Nutrition in Childhood - Meeting the Challenge
How can we explain children's worsening behaviour and the escalation in 'special needs' pupils?
Do fast-foods and high-speed lifestyles conflict with our genetic make-up?
What are the consequences for the next generation and who's influencing them?
Mental health problems are rising as fast as rates of obesity and diabetes. What's the solution?
What are the links between diet, brains and behaviour and the implications for policy and practice? Keep up-to-date - hear the latest evidence from leading experts.
Who should attend
EDUCATION PROFESSIONALS | HEALTH PROFESSIONALS | LOCAL AUTHORITY STAFF | POLICY MAKERS | CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM | VOLUNTARY ORGANISATIONS | CATERERS | PARENTS | CARERS | MEDIA
(to be advertised on the Health Promoting Schools website - Events at www.healthpromotingschools.co.uk)
Food and Behaviour Research is a registered CPD provider with Learning and Teaching Scotland (LTS).
Dr Alex Richardson - Food and Behaviour: An overview
Dr Paul Clayton - Dietary changes and their implications - past, present and future
Dr Alex Richardson - Omega-3 for behaviour, learning and mood: what's the real evidence?
John Illingworth - Promoting mental wellbeing in schools - a view from the front line
Sue Palmer - Dealing with the marketing maelstrom and other toxic influences
David Rex - Encouraging healthy eating in schools and other organisations: practical tips and guidance
David Rex - Dietary strategies for special needs: children with ADHD, autism and related conditions
About our speakers
Dr Paul Clayton, Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine; independent nutrition consultant; designs clinical trials for nutritional therapies in hospitals and gives lectures on nutrition and health to public and professionals. His book 'Health Defence' is a first-class source of information and education.
John Illingworth, Teacher for 33 years, 24 of those as a primary head in 3 different Nottingham schools. An NUT activist becoming National President in 2001. A member of the NUT's national working party on Teacher Mental Health. Now retired, John spends time investigating the nature, extent and causes of mental health conditions amongst teachers; identifying and promoting potential remedies and prevention strategies; raising awareness of mental health through speaking at conferences, meetings and training events. Author of the 'Crazy About Work' survey of teacher mental health in Nottingham.
Sue Palmer, Former primary head teacher, writer, expert presenter and independent consultant on primary education. Author of 'Toxic Childhood: how modern life is damaging our children . and what we can do about it' and 'Detoxing Childhood: What parents need to know to raise happy, successful children' www.suepalmer.co.uk
David Rex, Lead Dietician, NHS Highland & Healthy Eating in Schools Co-ordinator. He uses a whole school approach to food and health, as part of a multi-agency Highland Health Action Group for Integrated Children's Services. David provides Scotland's only specialist NHS dietetic clinic dealing with Autistic Spectrum Disorder and ADHD.
Dr Alex Richardson, former teacher, founder-director of FAB Research and visiting research scientist at the Universities of Oxford and Bristol. Best known for leading treatment trials of omega-3 fatty acids for child behaviour and learning, now carrying out similar research with adults and collaborative investigations of genetics and biochemical/nutritional factors in relation to behaviour, learning and mood.
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9am to 4.30pmNairn, Highlands of ScotlandThe Newton HotelFiona O'Feeadmin@fabresearch.org01463 258837http://www.events.fabresearch.org/registration.phpPay by debit/credit card hereFAB Nairn A4 Flier downloadable.pdfDownload a flier and booking form hereNewton Hotel.jpg
122915 September 2008 - The Times - Scotland's Poor Health 'caused by a lack of sunshine'Vitamin D, Oliver Gillie15/09/2008Melanie Read
A national campaign to persuade every Scot to take daily supplements of vitamin D is needed if the country's appalling health record is to be reversed, leading scientists believe.
A report, published this week, links poor weather to the lack of the "sunshine vitamin" in Scotland, and urges the Scottish government to launch a nationwide vitamin D programme to lower the incidence of devastating illnesses, such as heart disease, cancer and multiple sclerosis.
The research points to the country's damp, cloudy climate as a significant contributor to its bleak record of ill health and disease.
Vitamin D deficiency - caused by lack of exposure to sunshine - is twice as common among the Scots as it is among the English. The average Scot has a vitamin D level four times lower than their neighbour south of the Border.
A five-year research project by Oliver Gillie, a scientist and writer, demonstrates extensive and remarkable parallels between Scotland's dull weather and indices of disease.
It suggests that the "Scottish effect", the country's hitherto unexplained high mortality rate compared with other industrial countries, is in large part down to lack of sun. Crucially, a shortage of the "sunshine vitamin" is established as a factor in higher rates of multiple sclerosis (MS), diabetes, hypertension, arthritis, several types of cancer, cardiovascular disease and other ailments that together give Scotland one of the worst health records and highest premature mortality rates in Western Europe.
Dr Gillie's study - Scotland's Health Deficit: An Explanation and a Plan - echoes world-wide research on vitamin D deficiency but goes further, showing how the higher rates of disease in Scotland mirror closely the lower amount of available sunlight.
A lack of sunshine in Glasgow and the West of Scotland reflects levels of chronic illness that which cannot be explained by deprivation alone. A lack of sunshine on Orkney and Shetland - only 24 per cent of the maximum number of hours possible - corresponds to the highest prevalence of MS in the world.
By contrast, the South Coast of England, where such diseases are much less common, receives 400 more hours of sunshine a year than Scotland.
Dr Gillie says that successive reports on the state of Scotland's health have failed to recognise that insufficient sunlight and vitamin D are important risk factors, and calls for firm action from the Scottish government on supplementation and the fortification of food.
Last week The Times convened a panel of experts who studied the report and endorsed unanimously the importance of vitamin D as an important ingredient in creating a healthy Scottish population.
Dr Harry Burns, the Chief Medical Officer for Scotland, said: "It is important that attempts to improve health in Scotland remain focused on action on the social, economic, behavioural and psychological determinants of health. If vitamin D supplements can be shown to contribute to that agenda then we will make the appropriate recommendations."
Dr Adrian Martineau from Queen Mary's School of Medicine, London, who is working on evidence that vitamin D can reduce cold and flu symptoms, said: "This is a very important initiative. What Dr Gillie has highlighted is that 85 per cent of us have lower Vitamin D levels than we should have and 85 per cent of our cells need vitamin D to function properly. It's highly plausible that supplementation would be of great benefit."
http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/scotland/article4753513.eceView The Times article online herewoman385_399137a.jpg
1302Murphy & Wagner 2008 - Vitamin D and mood disorders among women: an integrative review.Vitamin D and mood disorders among women: an integrative review.Vitamin D and mood disorders among women: an integrative review.Murphy PK, Wagner CL01/09/2008J Midwifery Womens Health.53(5):440-6.
This integrative review evaluates research studies that investigated the association between vitamin D and mood disorders affecting women to determine whether further research comparing these variables is warranted. A literature search using CINAHL, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, and PubMed databases was conducted to locate peer-reviewed mood disorder research studies that measured serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25
D) levels. Four of six studies reviewed imparted significant results, with all four showing an association between low 25(OH)D levels and higher incidences of four mood disorders: premenstrual syndrome, seasonal affective disorder, non-specified mood disorder, and major depressive disorder. This review indicates a possible biochemical mechanism occurring between vitamin D and mood disorders affecting women, warranting further studies of these variables using rigorous methodologies.
Vitamin D, Vit-D, depression, pre-menstrual syndrome, PMS, seasonal affective disorder, SAD, mood disorders, reviewhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18761297?ordinalpos=15&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSumView this and related abstracts via PubMed here
1324Samieri et al 2008 - Low plasma eicosapentaenoic acid and depressive symptomatology are independent predictors of dementia risk.Low plasma eicosapentaenoic acid and depressive symptomatology are independent predictors of dementia risk.Low plasma eicosapentaenoic acid and depressive symptomatology are independent predictors of dementia risk.Samieri C, Féart C, Letenneur L, Dartigues JF, Pérès K, Auriacombe S, Peuchant E, Delcourt C, Barberger-Gateau P01/09/2008Am J Clin Nutr. 88(3)714-21
BACKGROUND: The potential preventive role of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in Alzheimer disease has aroused increasing interest. Plasma n-3 PUFAs have been shown to be inversely related to the risk of dementia and to depression, which is frequently associated with dementia. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to ascertain whether plasma PUFAs predict the risk of incident dementia in a cohort of older persons, independently of their depressive status. DESIGN: Of 1214 nondemented participants in the Three-City Study from Bordeaux (France) who were followed up for 4 y, 65 developed dementia. The association between the proportion of plasma fatty acids at baseline and the risk of incident dementia was assessed by multivariate proportional hazard models, taking into account depressive status assessed on the basis of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale. RESULTS: A higher plasma eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) concentration was associated with a lower incidence of dementia
hazard ratio (HR) for 1 SD = 0.69; 95% CI: 0.48, 0.98
, independently of depressive status and after adjustment for age, education, apolipoprotein E epsilon4 allele, diabetes, and baseline plasma vitamin E and triacylglycerol. The relations between docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), total n-3 PUFAs, and incident dementia did not remain significant in multivariate models. Higher ratios of arachidonic acid (AA) to DHA and of n-6 to n-3 fatty acids were related to an increased risk of dementia, particularly in depressive subjects (n = 90): ratio of AA to DHA (HR: 2.65; 95% CI: 1.07, 6.56) and ratio of n-6 to n-3 (HR: 1.61; 95% CI: 1.04, 2.47). CONCLUSIONS: A high plasma EPA concentration may decrease the risk of dementia, whereas high ratios of n-6 to n-3 fatty acids and of AA to DHA may increase the risk of dementia, especially in depressed older persons. The role of EPA in dementia warrants further research.
fatty acids, omega-3, omega-6, EPA, AA, depression, dementia, epidemiologyhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18779288?ordinalpos=10&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSumView this and related abstracts via PubMed here
1373Stahl et al 2008 - The role of omega-3 fatty acids in mood disordersThe role of omega-3 fatty acids in mood disordersomega-3, fatty acids, mood disorders, depression, bipolar disorder Stahl LA, Begg DP, Weisinger RS, Sinclair AJ01/09/2008Current Opinion in Investigational Drugs957-64
Research has established that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), plays a fundamental role in brain structure and function. Epidemiological and cross-sectional studies have also identified a role for long-chain omega-3 PUFA, which includes DHA, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosapentaenoic acid, in the etiology of depression. In the past ten years, there have been 12 intervention studies conducted using various preparations of long-chain omega-3 PUFA in unipolar and bipolar depression. The majority of these studies administered long-chain omega-3 PUFA as an adjunct therapy. The studies have been conducted over 4 to 16 weeks of intervention and have often included small cohorts. In four out of the seven studies conducted in depressed individuals and in two out of the five studies in bipolar patients, individuals have reported a positive outcome following supplementation with ethyl-eicosapentaenoic acid or fish oil containing long-chain omega-3 PUFA. In the three trials that researched the influence of DHA-rich preparations, no significant effects were reported. The mechanisms that have been invoked to account for the benefits of long-chain omega-3 PUFA in depression include reductions in prostaglandins derived from arachidonic acid, which lead to decreased brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels and/or alterations in blood flow to the brain
Omega-3, Arachidonic acid, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, depression, bipolar disorder, docosahexaenoic acid, DHA, ethyl eicosapentaenoate, eicosapentaenoic acid, EPA, membrane function, mood disorderhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrezView this and related abstracts via PubMed here
3158van de Rest et al 2008 - Effect of fish-oil supplementation on mental well-being in older subjects: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Effect of fish-oil supplementation on mental well-being in older subjects: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.Effect of fish-oil supplementation on mental well-being in older subjects: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.van de Rest O, Geleijnse JM, Kok FJ, van Staveren WA, Hoefnagels WH, Beekman AT, de Groot LC.01/09/2008Am J Clin Nutr. 88(3)706-13.
BACKGROUND: It is suggested that a low intake of fish and/or n-3 PUFA is associated with depressed mood. However, results from epidemiologic studies are mixed, and randomized trials have mainly been performed in depressed patients, yielding conflicting results.
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on mental well-being in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
DESIGN: Independently living individuals (n = 302) aged > or =65 y were randomly assigned to consume 1800 mg/d EPA+DHA, 400 mg/d EPA+DHA, or placebo capsules for 26 wk. Changes in mental well-being were assessed as the primary outcome with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Montgomery-Asberg Rating Scale (MADRS), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A).
RESULTS: Plasma concentrations of EPA+DHA increased by 238% in the high-dose and 51% in the low-dose fish-oil group compared with the placebo group, reflecting excellent compliance. Baseline CES-D scores ranged from 5.9 to 6.8 in the 3 groups and were not significantly different between groups. Mean changes in CES-D scores after 26 wk were -0.2, 0.2, and -0.4 (P = 0.87) in the high-dose fish oil, low-dose fish oil, and placebo groups, respectively. Treatment with neither 1800 mg nor 400 mg EPA+DHA differentially affected any of the measures of mental well-being after 13 or 26 wk of intervention compared with placebo.
CONCLUSIONS: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial we observed no effect of EPA+DHA supplementation for 26 wk on mental well-being in the general older population studied. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00124852.
omega-3, ageing, wellbeing, depression, human study, RCT, RCTFA, Free Full texthttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18779287View this and related abstracts via Pubmed here. Free full text of this article is available online.
1194Nutrition and Mental Health - edited by Martina WattsNutrition and Mental Health - edited by Martina WattsNutrition and Mental Health - edited by Martina WattsMartina Watts, MSc Nut Med BA (Hons) DipION29/08/2008
In stock - Price includes p&p. UK ONLY. PLEASE NOTE WE DO NOT SHIP OUTSIDE THE UK.
(Price to FAB Associate Members £15.95 inc P&P. Please sign in to purchase).
An essential guide to the relationship between diet and mental health
This excellent handbook explains the science behind nutrition and its effects on mental health, in a clear, accessible way. It explores: the complex and dynamic relationship between mental health, diet and nutrition, and how mental health and mental illness related factors, dietary factors and other social, biological and environmental factors interact to affect mental well-being. Leading health practitioners have contributed their own valuable insights, experiences and nutritional strategies to create an informed, up-to-date and fully referenced resource.
The Nutrition and Mental Health handbook offers all those working in the mental health sector advice and support on using nutritional approaches to improve the lives of people who are experiencing mental health problems.
It is presented in a clear, understandable format, with a glossary and summary chapter, designed to be useful for those with little previous nutritional knowledge, as well as more experienced practitioners, carers and health care practitioners.
Vital information for: carers, trainers, managers and professionals working within mental health both in social and health care fields within the public, private and voluntary sectors.
Martina Watts BA (Hons) Dip ION is a BANT-registered Nutritional Therapist with special experience working with children and adults suffering from digestive, behavioural and immune problems. Her interest in human nutrition began after both her children were diagnosed with severe multiple allergies. Martina runs a private practice in Brighton and works as an independent Nutrition Consultant for schools and local government. She is currently on the MSc Nutritional Medicine programme at Surrey University. Martina is a member of the Guild of Health Writers and has been a regular newspaper columnist since 1999.
mental health, modern diets, mineral depletion, food additives, mercury, inflammation, omega 3 fatty acids, gut and psychology, schizophrenia, food intolerance, allergy, blood sugar, eating disorders, eating distress, N&MH Handbook.jpgbook cover18.9515.95
1268Ford et al 2008 - Vitamins B12, B6, and folic acid for onset of depressive symptoms in older men: a randomized controlled trial.Vitamins B12, B6, and folic acid for onset of depressive symptoms in older men: results from a 2-year placebo-controlled randomized trial. Vitamins B12, B6, and folic acid for onset of depressive symptoms in older men: results from a 2-year placebo-controlled randomized trial.Ford AH, Flicker L, Thomas J, Norman P, Jamrozik K, Almeida OP.01/08/2008J Clin Psychiatry.69(8)1203-9
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether use of vitamins B(12), B(6), and folate was associated with reduced severity of depressive symptoms and 2-year incidence of clinically significant depression.
METHOD: The investigators recruited 299 men aged 75 years and older free of clinically significant depression (Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)score < 18). They were randomly assigned to treatment with 400 microg B(12) + 2 mg folic acid + 25 mg B(6) per day (N = 150) or placebo (N = 149). The BDI was the primary outcome measure of the study. Follow-up assessments took place 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after baseline. Analyses were intention-to-treat. The study was conducted from June 2001 to June 2004.
RESULTS: 118 and 123 men treated with vitamins and placebo, respectively, completed this 2-year trial (19.4% dropout rate). Analysis of variance for repeated measures showed that there was no difference between the groups (F = 0.76, df = 1, p = .384) nor was there a significant change of BDI scores over time (F = 1.26, df = 4, p = .284). Cox regression revealed that participants treated with vitamins were 24% more likely to remain free of depression during the trial, although the difference between groups was not significant (95% CI = 0.68 to 2.28). At the end of the study, 84.3% of men treated with vitamins and 79.1% of those treated with placebo remained free of clinically significant depressive symptoms. The number of people needed to treat to show benefit was 21.
CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed that treatment with B(12), folic acid, and B(6) is no better than placebo at reducing the severity of depressive symptoms or the incidence of clinically significant depression over a period of 2 years in older men.
Vitamin B, folate, folic acid, Vitamin B12, Vitamin B6, depression, ageing, RCThttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18557664?ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSumView this and related abstracts via PubMed here
1187MindroomMindroomMindroom is a charity dedicated to helping children and adults with learning difficulties. Conservative estimates indicate that at least five children in every class in the UK (and most other countries) have some form of learning difficulty. If left undiagnosed or untreated, learning difficulties will become the big public healthcare problem of our time. Mindroom is a global meeting place where people can come with questions-and share answers. It's a venue for parents to access basic information- and for world experts to share their latest ideas. Here, conventional wisdom and unconventional thinking meet and move forward together. It is a forum helping children to develop, teachers to learn, parents to understand and experts to spread the word. Mindroom's goal is to create such awareness, that by the year 2020, all children and adults in this country with learning difficulties, will receive the recognition and help they need.17/07/2008
Did you know that there are at least 5 children in every class with some form of learning difficulty who will then grow into adults with learning difficulties?
Whether you are a child, a parent, a relative, a teacher or any other professional, it doesn't matter. It's for you.
Mindroom's goal is to create such awareness that, by the year 2020, all children and adults in this country with learning difficulties will receive the recognition and help they need.
We will achieve this by:
Offering direct help and support Arranging high profile conferences Setting up multi-disciplinary diagnostic centres Setting up specialist schools
http://www.mindroom.org/Visit the Mindroom website hereMindroom.jpgMindroom logo
11851 to 4 July 2008 - Royal College of Psychiatrists Annual MeetingRoyal College of Psychiatrists Annual MeetingRoyal College of Psychiatrists01/07/200804/07/2008
This conference is set to take place in London's Imperial College, a centre of academic excellence and learning, situated within easy access of London's main tourist attractions. The programme encompasses the broad range of psychiatric specialties and special interests and includes presentations from international experts as well as new research presentations. Attendees will access the most current evidence base, have the opportunity to update existing skills (for example in neurology) and be encouraged to think more broadly about psychiatry through sessions on 'The History of Psychiatry' and 'Psychiatry and Film'. There will also be some theatre performances included in the programme. The delegate fee allows for attendance at all sessions and workshops and includes lunch and tea and coffee throughout the day.
4 daysLondonImperial CollegeMichelle Braithwaite - Conference Manager020 7235 2351 x142http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/events/annualmeeting2008.aspxFurther details available on the RCP website here
1242Sontrop et al 2008 - Depressive symptoms during pregnancy in relation to fish consumption and intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.Depressive symptoms during pregnancy in relation to fish consumption and intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Depression, pregnancy, omega-3, dietSontrop J, Avison WR, Evers SE, Speechley KN, Campbell MK.01/07/2008Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 22(4)389-99
An inverse association between depression and the n-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), primarily obtained from fish consumption, is observed in both observational and experimental research and is biologically plausible. Study objectives were to examine whether prenatal depressive symptoms were associated with lower intakes of fish or EPA+DHA.
Pregnant women (n = 2394) completed a telephone interview between 10 and 22 weeks' gestation in London, Ontario, 2002-05. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression Scale (CES-D). Intakes of fish and EPA+DHA were measured using a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Sequential multiple regression was used to examine associations of depressive symptoms with intake of fish and EPA+DHA, respectively, while controlling for sociodemographic, health and lifestyle variables.
The mean CES-D score was 9.9 (SD 8.0). Intake of EPA+DHA was dichotomised at the median value of 85 mg/day. Fish consumption and intake of EPA+DHA were not associated with prenatal depressive symptoms after adjustment for confounders; however, depressive symptoms were significantly higher for lower intakes of EPA+DHA among current smokers and women of single/separated/divorced marital status. The adjusted difference in CES-D scores between intake categories of EPA+DHA was -2.4 (95% CI -4.2, -0.4) for current smokers and -2.8 (95% CI -5.2, -0.4) for women of single marital status.
Although pregnant women may be at risk for low concentrations of EPA and DHA, an association between low intakes of EPA+DHA and increased depressive symptoms was only observed among current smokers and women of single marital status.
Depression, pregnancy, omega-3, diet, fish and seafood intake, FFQhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18578753?ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DiscoveryPanel.Pubmed_Discovery_RA&linkpos=2&log$=relatedarticles&logdbfrom=pubmedView this abstract via PubMed here
1845Mathieu et al 2008 - Synergistic effects of stress and omega-3 fatty acid deprivation on emotional response and brain lipid composition in adult ratsSynergistic effects of stress and omega-3 fatty acid deprivation on emotional response and brain lipid composition in adult ratsSynergistic effects of stress and omega-3 fatty acid deprivation on emotional response and brain lipid composition in adult ratsMathieu G, Denis S, Lavialle M, Vancassel S.24/06/2008Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 78(6):391-401. Epub 2008 Jun 24.
The aim was to determine the consequences of multi-generational n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) deficiency on emotional response in rats subjected to maternal separation (MS) as chronic early life stress.
Pups fed a control or an n-3 PUFA deficient diet were daily separated for 2 weeks before weaning. In adult rats, reward response was assessed by sucrose consumption and reactivity to novelty using openfield test.
Both n-3 PUFA deficiency and MS increased reward response and impulsivity. Moreover, nutritional deficiency and stress acted in synergy to elevate sucrose intake by 80%, compared to control conditions. n-3 PUFA deprivation induced a depletion of docosahexanoeic acid of brain membranes by 70% compensated by increase in 22:5 n-6 and arachidonic acid (AA) levels. The diet-induced AA increase was, however, significantly higher in MS rats.
This suggests that n-3 PUFA deficit could be an environmental risk increasing vulnerability to depressive-like response induced by chronic stress.
omega-3, emotional deprivation, stress, depression, brain tissue, DHA, AA, animal study, experimental studyhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18579362View this and related abstracts via PubMed here
118210 June 2008 - The National Children's Nutrition Conference - CardiffThe Dyscovery Centre, University of Wales10/06/200810/06/2008
Better Nutrition, Better Learning, Better Futures
This major new conference will give you the opportunity to hear from international experts who are undertaking the latest research in nutrition, and how this links to behaviour, learning and wellbeing. It will provide you with the route from research to practical management, and enable you to gain an understanding of ways in which schools can take this information on board in practical ways, and push food higher up the school agenda to ensure that we give all our children the bright future they deserve.
This conference is suitable for health and educational professionals, GPs, parents, those working with young people in youth services, nutritionists, and researchers working in the fields of child development, neuroscience and education.
Chair: Prof David Benton
Jane Hutt AM - Welcome and opening remarks
Professor Michael Crawford - We are what we eat - driving forces for evolution
Dr Paul Clayton - Malnutrition in children today: what we can learn from the Victorians
Professor Bonnie Kaplan - Keep your bananas in the refrigerator: mechanisms by which nutrients affect brain function
Dr Alex Richardson - They are what you feed them - omega 3 - what's the real evidence?
Dr Stephanie Matthews - When milk makes children ill
Professor Amanda Kirby - TV or not TV? That is the question! Why we need to sit at the table
Professor Kevin Morgan - The school food revolution and ways to use local/organic food in public food provisioning
Fiona Hamilton-Fairley - Why do children and young people need to learn to cook?
Further information and details of cost can be found on the downloadable flyer and booking form at the link below.
One dayCardiff, WalesSt David's Hotel, Havannah Streettrainingdyscovery@newport.ac.uk01633 432330http://www.dyscovery.co.ukNutrition Conference 10thJune Flyer FINAL.pdfDownload flyer and booking form heredyscovery.jpgDyscovery logo
11742 May 2008 - FAB CONFERENCE - Feeding Young Minds - BuxtonDiet and Behaviour - Feeding Young MindsFood and Behaviour Research02/05/200802/05/2008
Food, Mood and Behaviour - Putting Research into Practice in Education, Mental Health and Criminal Justice
A one-day CPD conference
The social time bomb - do 'junk food' diets contribute to anti-social behaviour?
Children's behaviour, learning and mental health problems are rising as fast as rates of obesity and diabetes - can dietary changes help?
Can better nutrition help to reduce symptoms in anxiety, depression or schizophrenia? Evidence from the front line
Hear from leading experts the latest evidence on links between diet, brains and behaviour - and the implications for policy and practice
Who should attend
EDUCATION PROFESSIONALS | HEALTH PROFESSIONALS | CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM | LOCAL AUTHORITY STAFF | POLICY MAKERS | VOLUNTARY ORGANISATIONS | CATERERS | PARENTS | CARERS | MEDIA
Dr Alex Richardson - 'They Are What You Feed Them': Dietary factors in child behaviour, learning and mood - an overview (and) Omega-3 for child behaviour and learning: What's the real evidence?
Bernard Gesch - Causes of Crime? The Role of Nutrition in Antisocial Behaviour
Professor Malcolm Peet - Food and Mood: Dietary Factors in Depression, and An Early Intervention Programme for Mental Health Problems
Kevin Williamson - Nutritionist, Rotherham, Doncaster & South Humbers NHS Trust's Early Intervention Team - Nutritonal support for Young People with Mental Health Problems
Emily Earle - Trainee Health Psychologist, Rotherham Early Intervention Team for Young people)- Strategies to help young people change their eating habits and overcome obstacles
About the speakers:
Our speakers are not only eminent in their respective fields, but all are also highly skilled and experienced at communicating the latest research and its implications to public and professional as well as academic audiences.
Bernard Gesch is a Senior Research Scientist in the Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford; and Director of the UK research charity Natural Justice, which investigates the causes of antisocial and criminal behaviour. Having established a nutritional and social programme for persistent young offenders that local Courts used as an effective alternative to custodial sentences, he obtained Home Office permission for a rigorously controlled trial (supported by Natural Justice). This showed that better nutrition significantly improved the behaviour of young offenders in a high-security prison. Bernard now collaborates internationally to replicate these findings, with eminent colleagues from institutions including the Medical Research Council, the Institute of Psychiatry, the US National Institute of Health, and the Dutch Ministry of Justice.
Professor Malcom Peet is a Consultant Psychiatrist with Doncaster and South Humber NHS Healthcare Trust, and also holds an honorary academic appointment at the School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield. Professor Peet has been studying the role of nutrition in mental health since 1990, and has pioneered research into the role of omega-3 fatty acids in both depression and schizophrenia - including controlled treatment trials. His research has also focused on the practical applications of nutritional interventions within mental health services in the UK, and their implications for professional training.
Kevin Williamson is a Nutritionist for the Rotherham, Doncaster & South Humber NHS Trust's Early Intervention in Psychosis team (based in Rotherham). The aim of this service is to provide tailored, holistic support for young people, aged 14 - 35 who are experiencing their first episode of psychosis. Sound nutrition is a vital care component because of the clear links between nutrient intake and both mental and physical health and wellbeing. Kevin conducts nutritional assessments and subsequent nutritional interventions at 6-monthly intervals, over a period of 3 years, for all individuals accepted to this service. At the current time this is a unique provision within mental health care.
Emily Earle is a trainee Health Psychologist working in Rotherham Early Intervention Team for Young People with Psychosis, within Rotherham, Doncaster & South Humber Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust. She is currently developing a tailored service to support service users to make changes in their diet to improve their mental and physical health, and also to lose weight. The service utilises a technique called 'Motivational Interviewing' (MI) to help service users develop strategies to make changes, overcome obstacles and achieve their goals.
Dr Alex Richardson is a founder-director of FAB Research and visiting research scientist at the Universities of Oxford and Bristol. Best known for her pioneering treatment trials of omega-3 fatty acids for child behaviour and learning, she has also carried out similar research in relation to adult mental health, and collaborates internationally on several large-scale programmes investigating both genetic and biochemical/nutritional factors in relation to behaviour, learning and mood.
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The Palace Hotel has been around since 1868. It's magnificent exterior was designed by Henry Currey, architect to the Duke of Devonshire in his time. The interior is equally as exquisite and the Palace's people are all extremely friendly and helpful. Our May event will be the second event we've held there. It's a much-loved focal point of Buxton's culture and where everyone wants to stay when they are in town. They used to call this wonderful part of the world The English Switzerland, so in addition to attending the conference which takes place on a Friday, there's an opportunity to stay on into the weekend and immerse yourself in the beautiful scenery, rolling dales and countryside, the Peak District National Park and try some genuine Bakewell pudding, visit Chatsworth House, Haddon Hall, Buxton Opera House and the Pavilion Gardens.
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1325Féart et al 2008 - Plasma EPA is inversely associated with severity of depressive symptomatology in the elderly: data from the Bordeaux sample of the Three-City Study.Plasma eicosapentaenoic acid is inversely associated with severity of depressive symptomatology in the elderly: data from the Bordeaux sample of the Three-City Study.Plasma eicosapentaenoic acid is inversely associated with severity of depressive symptomatology in the elderly: data from the Bordeaux sample of the Three-City Study.Féart C, Peuchant E, Letenneur L, Samieri C, Montagnier D, Fourrier-Reglat A, Barberger-Gateau P.01/05/2008Am J Clin Nutr. 87(5)1156-62
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are commonly observed in elderly people, and nutritional factors such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been proposed as potential protective determinants of depressive disorders. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to analyze the relation between plasma fatty acids and severity of depressive symptomatology (DS) in French elderly community dwellers. DESIGN: The study population (mean age: 74.6 y) consisted of 1390 subjects from Bordeaux (France) included in the Three-City Study cohort. DS was evaluated by using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale. The use of antidepressant drugs was recorded. The proportion of each plasma fatty acid was determined. Cross-sectional analysis of the association between plasma fatty acids and severity of DS was performed by multilinear regression. RESULTS: Compared with control subjects, subjects with DS were older, were more often women, were more often widowed or single, were of lower income, were receiving antidepressant treatment more frequently, had a lower incidence of hypercholesterolemia, and had lower Mini-Mental State Examination scores (mean: -1.1 point; P < 0.0001). Plasma eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) was lower in the subjects with DS than in the control subjects (0.85% compared with 1.01%; P = 0.001). There were no significant differences in any other fatty acid. When adjusted for potential confounders, such as sociodemographic characteristics and health indicators, plasma EPA was inversely associated with the severity of DS (beta = -0.170, P = 0.040) in subjects taking antidepressants. CONCLUSION: Higher plasma EPA was associated with a lower severity of DS in elderly subjects, especially those taking antidepressants.
fatty acids, omega-3, EPA, depression, epidemiologyhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18469234?ordinalpos=1&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DiscoveryPanel.Pubmed_Discovery_RA&linkpos=1&log$=relatedarticles&logdbfrom=pubmedView this and related abstracts via PubMed here
1301Hoogendijk et al 2008 - Depression is associated with decreased 25-hydroxyvitamin D and increased parathyroid hormone levels in older adults.Depression is associated with decreased 25-hydroxyvitamin D and increased parathyroid hormone levels in older adults. Depression is associated with decreased 25-hydroxyvitamin D and increased parathyroid hormone levels in older adults.Hoogendijk WJ, Lips P, Dik MG, Deeg DJ, Beekman AT, Penninx BW.01/05/2008Arch Gen Psychiatry. 65(5)508-12
CONTEXT: Depression has incidentally been related to altered levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and parathyroid hormone (PTH), but this relation has never been studied systematically.
OBJECTIVE: To determine in a large population-based cohort whether there is an association between depression and altered 25(OH)D and PTH levels. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study (Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam).
PARTICIPANTS: One thousand two hundred eighty-two community residents aged 65 to 95 years.
SETTING: The Netherlands.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Depression was measured using self-reports (Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale) and diagnostic interviews (Diagnostic Interview Schedule). Levels of 25(OH)D and PTH were assessed. Potentially confounding factors (ie, age, sex, smoking status, body mass index, number of chronic conditions, and serum creatinine concentration) and explanatory factors (ie, season of data acquisition, level of urbanization, and physical activity) were also measured.
RESULTS: Levels of 25(OH)D were 14% lower in 169 persons with minor depression and 14% lower in 26 persons with major depressive disorder compared with levels in 1087 control individuals (P < .001). Levels of PTH were 5% and 33% higher, respectively (P = .003). Depression severity (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) was significantly associated with decreased serum 25(OH)D levels (P = .03) and increased serum PTH levels (P = .008).
CONCLUSION: The results of this large population-based study show an association of depression status and severity with decreased serum 25(OH)D levels and increased serum PTH levels in older individuals.
Vitamin-D, Vit-D, depression, ageing, population studyhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18458202?ordinalpos=19&itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_DefaultReportPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSumView this and related abstracts via PubMed here
1813Su et al 2008 - Omega-3 fatty acids for major depressive disorder during pregnancy: results from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trialOmega-3 fatty acids for major depressive disorder during pregnancy: results from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trialOmega-3 fatty acids for major depressive disorder during pregnancy: results from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trialSu KP, Huang SY, Chiu TH, Huang KC, Huang CL, Chang HC, Pariante CM.01/04/2008J Clin Psychiatry. 69(4):644-51.
BACKGROUND: Perinatal depression is common, and treatment remains challenging. Depression has been reported to be associated with the abnormality of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). A profound decrease of omega-3 PUFAs in the mother during pregnancy is associated with the higher demand of fetal development and might precipitate the occurrence of depression. In this study, we examined the efficacy of omega-3 PUFA monotherapy for the treatment of depression during pregnancy.
METHOD: From June 2004 to June 2006, we conducted an 8-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing omega-3 PUFAs (3.4 g/d) with placebo in pregnant women with major depressive disorder (DSM-IV criteria). No psychotropic agent was given 1 month prior to or during the study period. The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D) was scored every other week as the primary measurement of efficacy, while the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were secondary measures.
RESULTS: Thirty-six subjects were randomly assigned to either omega-3 PUFAs or placebo, and 33 among them were evaluated in more than 2 visits. A total of 24 subjects completed the study. As compared to the placebo group, subjects in the omega-3 group had significantly lower HAM-D scores at weeks 6 (p = .001) and 8 (p = .019), a significantly higher response rate (62% vs. 27%, p = .03), and a higher remission rate, although the latter did not reach statistical significance (38% vs. 18%, p = .28). At the study end point, subjects in the omega-3 group also had significantly lower depressive symptom ratings on the EPDS and BDI. The omega-3 PUFAs were well tolerated and there were no adverse effects on the subjects and newborns.
CONCLUSIONS:Omega-3 PUFAs may have therapeutic benefits in depression during pregnancy. In regard to the safety issue and psychotherapeutic effect, as well as health promotion to mothers and their newborns, it is worthy to conduct replication studies in a larger sample with a broad regimen of omega-3 PUFAs in pregnant women with depression.
1181Jazayeri et al 2008 - Therapeutic effects of omega-3 EPA and fluoxetine, separately and in combination, in major depressionComparison of therapeutic effects of omega-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid and fluoxetine, separately and in combination, in major depressive disorder Omega-3 fatty acid EPA and fluoxetine (Prozac) in major depression Jazayeri S, Tehrani-Doost M, Keshavarz SA, Hosseini M, Djazayery A, Amini H, Jalali M, Peet M12/02/2008Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry42(3)192-198
Objective: To compare therapeutic effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), fluoxetine and a combination of them in major depression.
Method: Sixty outpatients with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder based on DSM-IV criteria and a score of at least 15 in the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) were randomly allocated to receive daily either 1000 mg EPA or 20 mg fluoxetine, or their combination for 8 weeks. Double dummy technique was used to double blind the study. Patients were assessed at 2 week intervals. Change in HDRS was the primary outcome measure.
Results: Analysis of covariance for HDRS at week 8 across treatment groups was performed in 48 patients who completed at least 4 weeks of the study, with the last observation carried forward. Treatment, age of onset and baseline HDRS had a significant effect on HDRS at week 8. EPA + fluoxetine combination was significantly better than fluoxetine or EPA alone from the fourth week of treatment. Fluoxetine and EPA appear to be equally effective in controlling depressive symptoms. Response rates (50% decrease in baseline HDRS) were 50%, 56% and 81% in the fluoxetine, EPA and combination groups, respectively.
Conclusions: In the present 8 week trial EPA and fluoxetine had equal therapeutic effects in major depressive disorder. EPA + fluoxetine combination was superior to either of them alone.
EPA; fluoxetine; Prozac; major depressive disorder; omega-3; depression; treatment; RCT; mood disorders http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18247193View this and related abstracts via PubMed here
117830 Jan 2008 - Associate Parliamentary Food and Health Forum Report on the links between diet, mental health and behaviourAssociate Parliamentary Food and Health Forum30/01/2008Associate Parliamentary Food and Health Forum
The Associate Parliamentary Food and Health Forum has issued a report which looks at the scientific evidence on whether mental health and performance can be affected by what we eat, and explores how this may be happening. It concentrates particularly on the role of omega-3 fatty acids (whose benefits are promoted relentlessly and often inaccurately by the food industry) but recognises that other nutrients forming part of a healthy diet also have a significant role.
The report backs the recommendations of the FSA that fish consumption should be increased since it is the prime source of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, but is concerned that fish stocks may not be sufficient if this advice is followed and considers possible alternative sources of omega-3 fatty acids. The report emphasises the importance of omega-3 in the diet of pregnant and breast feeding mothers and children since brain development mainly occurs at the beginning of life, but also recognises that older people may benefit. There may be a protective effect of omega-3 against Alzheimer's disease but the report concludes that more research, already under way, needs to be evaluated before firm conclusions can be drawn."
Half a dozen Parliamentarians have been conducting an inquiry for a year, in which they have taken scientific and other evidence from experts at a number of open meetings. This evidence has clarified the role of omega-3 and other nutrients in brain development and function, but has also revealed the need for further well conducted research into their effect on different aspects of human behaviour and cognitive development. However they agreed that the evidence for the benefits of naturally occurring omega-3 in fish and fish oils was very powerful and that this should be a vital component of a well balanced healthy diet.
In their report, the Parliamentarians emphasise that we should consider the impact on our mental health, as well as our physical health, of what we eat. In particular the inquiry report looks at the evidence that diet influences the behaviour and performance of school children, the behaviour of offenders and people suffering from depression.
The recommendations range from advice on Government messages about healthy eating, to specific advice in relation to pregnant women and on nutritional standards in prisons.
Lord Rea, Chairman of the FHF inquiry team, said:
"The scientific evidence we heard showed very clearly the importance of omega-3 long chain fatty acids in brain composition and function. There is epidemiological evidence that populations with a high fish intake have less depression, a lower rate of Alzheimer's disease and brighter children (as well as healthier hearts and arteries). But there is less hard evidence so far that intervention studies which change people's diets or give them supplements show a beneficial effect. However there are a few well conducted random controlled trials which do appear to show such an effect among juvenile offenders and children with ADHD and other behavioural disorders and we learnt of others in progress, some which we describe briefly in the report. However it became clear that far too little research of this kind has been done and one of our main recommendations is that more should be commissioned and funded in view of the burden that mental and behavioural disorders place on society."
The report looks at a number of issues which may affect mental health and behaviour, including the controversial issue of artificial food colours. The Parliamentarians recommend that all artificial food colours (which have no nutritional value) and non-essential preservatives, should be banned from food products and soft drinks.
Dr Ian Gibson, said:
"It was an illuminating experience to hear from a wide range of scientists who have been studying the links between diet, mental health and behaviour. I was pleased that we were also able to hear from teachers at the grassroots level, such as those at Eaton Hall School in Norwich, who are trying to help children with behavioural problems. Mrs Moore and her colleagues do an excellent job and it was very interesting to hear how they are using emerging evidence on diet and behaviour as one strand in their approach to supporting their pupils."
Earl Baldwin of Bewdley said:
"While we majored on the importance of fish oils, we were also impressed by the emerging evidence of the influence of a range of micronutrients on behaviour, performance and well-being, especially in young offenders, and by the importance for some people of avoiding foodstuffs to which they appear to be intolerant.
The report also recommends better diets for offenders held in prisons and young offender institutes, especially pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers. It calls for the introduction of nutrient-based standards for meals, similar to those used in schools, but based on adult dietary needs.
Baroness Miller of Chilthorne Domer said:
"I am especially pleased that our report highlights how important fish oils are in a mother's diet. We heard how the development of the foetus brain is particularly dependent on the mothers' nutrient intake. Our report highlights how mothers with little or no control of their diet, such as those in prison, must be offered an adequate diet taking their pregnancy into account. Otherwise the unborn child could be having their life chances severely hampered even before they are born."
The Parliamentarians are also critical of medical training, noting that a lack of training in nutrition and diet for GPs and other medical professionals detracts from their ability to support their patients' physical and mental health. The Parliamentarians recommend that this issue should be addressed by the Royal Medical Colleges and the General Medical Council.
The Government may be concerned that the Parliamentarians recommend it includes financial support to School Breakfast Clubs as part of the package set up to improve school meals. They strongly recommend that all children entitled to free school lunches should be entitled also to a free school breakfast the content of which, like school lunches, should be subject to quantified nutritional standards.
Baroness Gibson of Market Rasen said:
"A good breakfast is a good start to the day, especially for children. It (free school breakfasts for the children of low income families) could help the least well off in our society and help children to recognise good nutritional food as part of their everyday life."
The Countess of Mar said:
"The evidence we received for this report has shown that whilst, in the past, we have recognised the importance of some of the major vitamins and minerals - those we see on cereal packets, for example, we may now be paying the price of ignoring the importance of the role played by lesser known factors, including trace elements in our health and behaviour. I was surprised by the lack of knowledge there is about these essential constituents in the human diet when, in my role as a farmer and stock breeder, I learned very early on to ensure that animals in my care receive a balanced diet, to look out for signs and symptoms of deficiency before they become serious and to provide supplements if necessary. This report is a step along the way towards doing the same, particularly for infants, children and young people."
The members of the FHF inquiry team were: Lord Rea (Chairman), Baroness Gibson of Market Rasen, Baroness Miller of Chilthorne Domer, Dr Ian Gibson and Earl Baldwin of Bewdley.
"The Associate Parliamentary Food and Health Forum" launched this report on 30 January 2008 following a year long inquiry into the links between diet, mental health and behaviour. More detailed information about the inquiry, including minutes of all the meetings and presentations given by witnesses, is available on the Forum's website at: www.fhf.org.uk/inquiry."
The Parliamentarians' recommendations are set out below:
1. We recommend that the Government - principally the Department of Health, the Department for Children, Schools and Families and the Ministry of Justice, working with the FSA and the Medical Research Council - commission and support further research in the areas highlighted in this report.
2. We recommend that the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) should be asked to define further the optimum intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in different stages of life, especially for pregnant women and children.
3. We also recommend that in the meantime, on a precautionary basis, the FSA should reconsider its advice to pregnant women about fish consumption, with a view to encouraging them to eat two portions of oily fish, or the equivalent in omega-3 PUFAs, a week (rather than that people should eat two portions of fish a week, of which one should be oily).
4. We also recommend that the FSA continues to monitor closely levels of mercury, dioxin and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) in the different species of oily fish available in the UK.
The lack of nutritional training for GPs and other medical professionals detracts from their ability to support their patients' physical and mental health; this issue should be addressed by the Royal Medical Colleges and the General Medical Council if we are to tackle the problems and costs associated with mental as well as physical ill health.
5. We recommend that the Royal Medical Colleges and the GMC consider upgrading the role of nutrition in the medical curriculum.
6. We recommend that Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) should increase the number of posts for dietitians working in the community and that GP practices should be fully reimbursed if they employ a dietitian to whom patients can be referred for nutritional advice.
The campaigns by the Department of Health and FSA to increase the consumption of fruit and vegetables and reduce consumption of sugar and salt are welcome, but they do not make explicit the emerging link between diet and mental well-being and they neglect the vital role of essential fatty acids, which appear to be crucial to children's life chances particularly in utero and in early childhood.
7. We believe the Government should take further action to raise public awareness of the significance of good nutrition in pregnancy and to tackle the incidence of low birth-weight in the UK.
The evidence which has emerged to date of the links between nutritional status and childhood disorders, depression, aggressive and anti-social behaviour merits further publicly funded research.
8. We recommend that more research to test the effect of selected essential fatty acids on the cognitive skills, mood and behaviour of both "healthy" children (that is, children suffering from no known disorders), as well as children suffering from a range of behavioural disorders should be undertaken.
9. We recommend that regulations should be introduced to prohibit all artificial colours and non-essential preservatives in food products and soft drinks.
10. We recommend that the Government includes financial support to School Breakfast Clubs as part of the package set up to improve school meals. We strongly recommend that all children entitled to free school lunches should be entitled also to a free school breakfast whose content, like school lunches, should be subject to quantified nutritional standards.
11. We recommend that the Department of Health encourages other NHS Trusts to adopt an approach similar to that pursued by the Doncaster and South Humber Healthcare NHS Trust which undertakes a nutritional assessment of patients suffering from depression and patients with early symptoms of psychosis and provides dietary advice to them.
12. We recommend that consideration of the outcome of the next trial of nutritional supplements in Young Offender Institutes should be a priority for the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) given that our prisons are overcrowded and there is continuing concern about the mental health of prisoners, particularly young offenders at risk of self-harm and suicide.
13. We recommend that any dietary intervention that can be used to improve the behaviour and mental well-being of offenders held in custody should be given serious consideration by the NOMS.
14. We recommend that the NOMS looks positively at the case for introducing nutrient-based standards for meals in prisons, similar to those introduced for schools, but based on recommended daily intakes for adults.
15. We also recommend that effective measures should be taken in all prisons to inform prisoners about the benefits of a good diet and to persuade and encourage them to make healthy choices both while they are in custody and after their release.
16. We recommend that in all women's prisons national nutritional standards should be introduced to ensure that the basic dietary needs of pregnant women prisoners are achieved.
17. Because of the major potential benefit for the fields of education, crime, health and the well-being of vulnerable sections of society, we believe that more research is urgently needed in the area of nutrition and behaviour and we recommend that the Government devotes more resources to this, especially in corrective institutions and care homes.
18. We recommend that the Department of Health messages on a healthy diet should emphasise the importance of a balanced diet for optimum mental as well as physical health.
19. While research continues to identify and produce alternative sources of omega-3 PUFAs, we recommend that all people in the UK should be encouraged to eat more fish, some of which should be oily fish, or its equivalent in omega-3 PUFAs.
http://www.fhf.org.uk/inquiryVisit the FHF website hereThe Links Between Diet and Behaviour - FHF inquiry report January 2008 (2).pdfDownload a pdf copy of the full report hereAPFHF.jpgAPFHF
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