Food and Behaviour Research

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Substance Use Disorders

A taste for sweet – an anthropologist explains the evolutionary origins of why you're programmed to love sugar
Foods high in added fats and refined carbs are like cigarettes – addictive and unhealthy
Sugar: why some people experience side-effects when they quit
Bozzatello P et al 2021 - Mental Health in Childhood and Adolescence: The Role of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids
Kemény L et al 2021 - Vitamin D deficiency exacerbates UV/endorphin and opioid addiction
Study: Vitamin D deficiency exacerbates use and misuse of pain meds
Sugar overload may be a recipe for long-term problems
Keto diet found to ease alcohol withdrawal symptoms
Wiers C et al 2021 - Ketogenic diet reduces alcohol withdrawal symptoms in humans and alcohol intake in rodents
Unhealthy Foods Aren’t Just Bad For You, They May Also Be Addictive
Can memory manipulation help treat alcohol addiction?
Robert H. Lustig 2020 - Ultraprocessed Food: Addictive, Toxic, and Ready for Regulation
Dietary Fats and Brain Function: Stress, Anxiety, Depression and Hostility (extract)
Dietary Fats and Brain Function: Stress, Anxiety, Depression and Hostility (full version)
High fructose intake may drive aggressive behaviors, ADHD and bipolar disorder
Study examines effects of low-level lead exposure and alcohol consumption
Rangel-Barajas C et al 2020 - Low-level developmental lead exposure does not predispose to adult alcohol self-administration
Cincotta C et al 2020 - Chronic activation of fear engrams induces extinction‐like behavior in ethanol‐exposed mice
Vitamin B1 deficiency a key factor in the development of alcohol-related dementia
Listabarth S et al 2020 - Does thiamine protect the brain from iron overload and alcohol‐related dementia?
Study pinpoints brain cells that trigger sugar cravings and consumption
Jensen-Cody et al 2020 - FGF21 Signals to Glutamatergic Neurons to Suppress Carbohydrate Intake
24 May 2020 - 'Laughing gas' depletes Vitamin B12 and can cause irreversible brain damage
Bottom et al 2020 - Rescue of ethanol-induced FASD-like phenotypes via prenatal co-administration of choline
How does sugar drive consumption? Scientists discover gut-brain sugar sensor in mice
30 March 2020 - Alcohol consumption by fathers before conception could negatively impact child development (and choline supplementation in pregnancy reduces similar brain damage from maternal alcohol consumption)
23 January 2020 - The Conversation - Silicon Valley’s latest fad is dopamine fasting – and that may not be as crazy as it sounds
MedicalXpress - Sugar changes the chemistry of your brain
4 December 2019 - MedicalXpress - Coffee, nicotine and amphetamines activate 'hot spots' in the fetal brain
14 November 2019 - The Conversation - Your brain on sugar: What the science actually says
18 October 2019 - Futurity - 2 In 5 Young Adults Have Untreated Substance Use Disorder
17 October 2019 - MedicalXpress - Evidence of behavioral, biological similarities between compulsive overeating and addiction
Chang & Su 2019 - Nutrition and immunology in mental health: Precision medicine and integrative approaches to address unmet clinical needs in psychiatric treatments
Could It Be B12?
Kuppens et al 2019 - The Enduring Effects of Parental Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drug Use on Child Well-being
8 August 2019 - The Conversation - Parents’ drug, alcohol and tobacco use negatively impacts all areas of child well-being – new study
Scholey et al 2019 - Effects of Alcohol Hangover on Cognitive Performance: Findings from a Field/Internet Mixed Methodology Study
How hangovers reduce brain function
Jacques et al 2019 - The impact of sugar consumption on stress driven, emotional and addictive behaviors
Hoffman et al 2019 - Interaction of maternal choline levels and prenatal Marijuana's effects on the offspring
Alhadeff et al 2019 - Natural and Drug Rewards Engage Distinct Pathways that Converge on Coordinated Hypothalamic and Reward Circuits
5 July 2019 - The Conversation - Almost a third of Scots are now obese – and at risk of more cancers than smokers
Hall et al 2019 - Ultra-Processed Diets Cause Excess Calorie Intake and Weight Gain: An Inpatient Randomized Controlled Trial of Ad Libitum Food Intake
Arterberry et al 2019 - DSM-5 substance use disorders among college-age young adults in the United States: Prevalence, remission and treatment
11 March 2019 - MedicalXpress - Binge drinking in adolescence may increase risk for anxiety later in life
27 February 2019 - Science Daily - Smoking and alcohol: Double trouble for the brain?
Maternal smoking during pregnancy increases risk of ADHD among offspring up to 3-fold
Sourander et al 2019 - Prenatal Cotinine Levels and ADHD Among Offspring
A Quinteros et al 2019 - Combined Exposure to Alcohol and Tobacco Smoke Changes Oxidative, Inflammatory, and Neurotrophic Parameters in Different Areas of the Brains of Rats
Sugar's sick secrets: How industry forces have manipulated science to downplay the harm