Food and Behaviour Research

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Sugar and Addiction

Foods high in added fats and refined carbs are like cigarettes – addictive and unhealthy
Sugar: why some people experience side-effects when they quit
Unhealthy Foods Aren’t Just Bad For You, They May Also Be Addictive
Robert H. Lustig 2020 - Ultraprocessed Food: Addictive, Toxic, and Ready for Regulation
Study pinpoints brain cells that trigger sugar cravings and consumption
Jensen-Cody et al 2020 - FGF21 Signals to Glutamatergic Neurons to Suppress Carbohydrate Intake
15 April 2020 - MedicalXpress - How does sugar drive consumption? Scientists discover gut-brain sugar sensor in mice
MedicalXpress - Sugar changes the chemistry of your brain
14 November 2019 - The Conversation - Your brain on sugar: What the science actually says
17 October 2019 - MedicalXpress - Evidence of behavioral, biological similarities between compulsive overeating and addiction
30 August 2018 - BBC News - Government proposes energy drinks ban for children
Lowe et al 2018 - The neurocognitive mechanisms underlying food cravings and snack food consumption
Foods combining fats and carbohydrates more rewarding than foods with just fats or carbs
The Conversation - Sugar in the diet may increase risks of opioid addiction
5 January 2017 - The Guardian - Is sugar the world's most popular drug?
Edlow et al 2017 - Maternal obesity and neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders in offspring.
Horman and Levi 2016 - Neuroscience of Reward: Implications for Food Addiction and Nutrition Policy
Visram et al 2016 - Consumption of energy drinks by children and young people: a rapid review examining evidence of physical effects and consumer attitudes
18 April 2016 - Food Navigator - Excess sugar consumption ‘similar to cocaine addiction', says study
Wise et al 2016 - Reduced dietary intake of simple sugars alters perceived sweet taste intensity but not perceived pleasantness
1 Dec 2015 - Foodnavigator - Sugar addiction much harder to address than salt
24 Aug 2015 - The Guardian - Robert Lustig: the man who believes sugar is poison
ScienceDaily - Want pizza, chocolate, French fries? Highly processed foods linked to addictive eating
Schulte et al 2015 - Which foods may be addictive?
18 Feb 2015 - The Conversation - Here’s what happens to your brain when you give up sugar for Lent
09 February 2015 - ScienceDaily - Energy drinks significantly increase hyperactivity in schoolchildren, study finds
Hebebrand et al, 2014 - “Eating addiction”, rather than “food addiction”, better captures addictive-like eating behavior
02 August 2014 - Conference notes - FAB Research conference: Sugar, fat, food and addiction: New approaches to the public health crisis
Ventura et al 2014 - Neurobiologic basis of craving for carbohydrates.
Sweet Poison
15 Jan 2013 - BMJ - Science Souring on Sugar
Page et al 2013 - Effects of fructose vs glucose on regional cerebral blood flow in brain regions involved with appetite and reward pathways
Kromann et al 2012 - A case of cola dependency in a woman with recurrent depression
12 Dec 2012 - MedicalXpress - Could ending your fatty food habit cause withdrawal symptoms and depression?
Sharma et al 2012 - Adaptations in brain reward circuitry underlie palatable food cravings and anxiety induced by high-fat diet withdrawal.
Johnson et al 2011 - ADHD: is it time to reappraise the role of sugar consumption?
Garber & Lustig 2011 - Is fast food addictive?
Corwin et al 2011 - Feeding and reward: perspectives from three rat models of binge eating.
Kenny 2010 - Reward mechanisms in obesity: new insights and future directions
Reissig et al 2009 - Caffeinated energy drinks - a growing problem
Corsica & Spring 2008 - Carbohydrate craving: a double-blind, placebo-controlled test of the self-medication hypothesis
Cha et al 2008 - Differential effects of central fructose and glucose on hypothalamic malonyl-CoA and food intake.
Avena et al 2008 - Evidence for sugar addiction: behavioral and neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake
Colantuoni et al 2002 - Evidence that intermittent, excessive sugar intake causes endogenous opioid dependence.