Food and Behaviour Research

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Breaking Bread: the Functions of Social Eating

R Dunbar (2017) Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology  (2017).  1-14 doi:10.1007/s40750-017-0061-4 

Web URL: Read the article on Springer Link here


Communal eating, whether in feasts or everyday meals with family or friends, is a human universal, yet it has attracted surprisingly little evolutionary attention.

I use data from a UK national stratified survey to test the hypothesis that eating with others provides both social and individual benefits. I show that those who eat socially more often feel happier and are more satisfied with life, are more trusting of others, are more engaged with their local communities, and have more friends they can depend on for support. Evening meals that result in respondents feeling closer to those with whom they eat involve more people, more laughter and reminiscing, as well as alcohol.

A path analysis suggests that the causal direction runs from eating together to bondedness rather than the other way around. I suggest that social eating may have evolved as a mechanism for facilitating social bonding.