Food and Behaviour Research

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Coffee intake and the incident risk of cognitive disorders: A dose-response meta-analysis of nine prospective cohort studies

Wu L, Sun D, He Y (2017) Clin Nutr.  2017 Jun;36(3): 730-736. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2016.05.015. Epub 2016 May 30. 

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Abstract:

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Previous epidemiological studies have provided inconsistent conclusions on the impact of coffee consumption in the developing of cognitive disorders. However, no previous meta-analysis has pooled the evidence from the prospective cohort studies to assess the influence of coffee drinking and its potential dose-response patterns on the risk of developing cognitive disorders specifically.

METHODS:

Two databases (PubMed and Embase) were searched for evidence of cohort studies from inception to February 2016. We used a generic inverse-variance method with a random-effects model to pool the fully adjusted relative risks (RRs) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs). In the dose-response analyses, a generalized least-squares trend estimation model was applied to computing the study-specific slopes.

RESULTS:

Nine prospective cohort studies involving 34,282 participants were included in our study. The duration of follow-up years ranged from 1.3 to 28. Compared with2 = 25%). Non-significant differences were presented for the association between coffee consumption (>3 vs.

CONCLUSIONS:

A "J-shaped" association was presented between coffee intake and incident cognitive disorders, with the lowest risk of incident cognitive disorders at a daily consumption level of 1-2 cups of coffee.

FAB RESEARCH COMMENT:

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