Food and Behaviour Research

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Associations between diet quality, DASH and Mediterranean dietary patterns and migraine characteristics

Bakırhan H, Yıldıran H, Cankay T (2021) Nutritional Neuroscience Aug 11;1-11 doi: 10.1080/1028415X.2021.1963065 

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Abstract:

This study was conducted to describe the dietary patterns and diet quality and to examine the correlation between diet quality, dietary patterns (Mediterranean or DASH) and migraine attributes.

Individuals between the ages of 18-64 who applied to the headache outpatient clinic and were diagnosed with episodic migraine were evaluated by a neurologist. Healthy Eating Index-2010 was used to determine the diet quality. Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension compliance scale and Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener were used to describe the dietary patterns.

It was found that individuals with a low Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener score had more severe disability and more severe and frequent attacks (< 0.05). In addition, a significant negative correlation was found between Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener score and attack severity (= -0.733, < 0.05).

Individuals with a low Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension compliance scale score had more severe and frequent attacks (< 0.05). There was a significant negative correlation between attack severity and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension compliance scale scores (= -0.700, < 0.001). Individuals with poor diet quality had more severe migraine attacks compared to others (< 0.05). A significant negative correlation was found between diet quality total score and attack severity (= 0.458, < 0.05).

High diet quality scores and higher vegetables, fruits, legumes, and oil seeds subscores, DASH and Mediterranean dietary patterns were associated with lower migraine attack severity (< 0.05).