Food and Behaviour Research

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Autism and ADHD are linked to disturbed gut flora very early in life

We can see in the study that there are clear differences in the intestinal flora already during the first year of life between those who develop autism or ADHD and those who don't. We've found associations with some factors that affect gut bacteria, such as antibiotic treatment during the child's first year, which is linked to an increased risk of these diseases..."

How food preferences are linked to cognition and brain health – and why a balanced diet is superior

We found that people who ate a more balanced diet had better fluid intelligence (the ability to solve new problems), processing speed, memory and executive functions (a set of mental skills that include flexible thinking and self-control) than the other diets.

More wild fish should be eaten, not fed to salmon, scientists say

Consumers would get a better mix of nutrients if they ate more of the wild fish species that are typically used for salmon feed.

Root cause of Alzheimer's may be fat buildup in brain cells, research suggests

Our findings suggest a link between genetic risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease with microglial lipid droplet accumulation and neurotoxic microglia-derived factors, potentially providing therapeutic strategies for Alzheimer’s disease.

How to help your child get enough healthy, brain-boosting sleep

Insufficient or out-of-sync sleep has been connected to learning problems, attention problems and cognitive issues

Does magnesium help with sleep?

"My number one recommendation for any health problem that anybody has is to get up and go to bed at the same time every day."

Vegan products not always safe for people with dairy allergy, watchdog says

Food Standards Agency advises consumers with dairy and fish allergies to check labels carefully.

Consistent evidence links ultra-processed food to over 30 damaging health outcomes - including mental ill-health and sleep problems

Consistent evidence links ultra-processed food to over 30 damaging health outcomes - including mental ill-health

Omega-3 fatty acids are linked to better lung health, particularly in patients with pulmonary fibrosis

Our findings suggest that increasing omega-3 fatty acids in a patient’s diet may slow the progression of pulmonary fibrosis.

New study shows a role for cholesterol in pain perception

New research shows how physical pressure on cells can reduce pain signals, while excessive cholesterol clumps in cell membranes can interfere with that process.

Food additive E551 could promote celiac disease

Chronic exposure to E551 via dietary sources could promote the development of celiac disease in people genetically predisposed to the condition.

Could ultra-processed foods be the new 'silent' killer?

"Our life expectancy is lower than other economically comparable countries. When we look at increasing rates of non-communicable diseases in less developed nations, we can see a tracking of this increase along with increasing consumption of ultra-processed foods in their diets."

ODS Update - How dietary supplements can enhance nutritional status during pregnancy

Recent Developments in Dietary Supplement Science highlights three recent publications that advance our understanding of how dietary supplements can enhance nutritional status during pregnancy.

Study provides first evidence of direct impact of serotonin on development of prefrontal cortex

Antidepressant use during pregnancy can impact a child's brain development and contribute to the risk of mental health disorders later in life.

Nutritional epigenetics education reduces ultra-processed food intake in parents of children with autism and ADHD

By the end of the education intervention, parents had changed their minds about their ability to control their child's behaviour through diet.

Are preservatives killing good gut bacteria?

“With the levels of lantibiotics currently present in food, it’s very probable that they might impact our gut health as well.”

Analysis Shows that Omega-3 Fatty Acids Support Heart and Brain Health

The benefits of omega-3 consumption on cardiovascular outcomes and cognitive function can differ by sex and race.

Free school meals ‘cut obesity and help reading skills’ in England, study finds

“School food is the best public health policy we have at our disposal. With it we have the opportunity to reach every child in the UK with hot, healthy, nutritious meals..."