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Neonatal Insulin Action Impairs Hypothalamic Neurocircuit Formation in Response to Maternal High-Fat Feeding

Vogt MC, Paeger L, Hess S, Steculorum SM, Hampel B, Neupert S, Nicholls HT, Mauer J, Hausen AC, Predel R, Kloppenburg P, Horvath TL, BrĂ¼ning JC (2014) Cell [Epub ahead of print]  

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Abstract:

Highlights

- Maternal HFD feeding during lactation impairs metabolic health of the offspring
- Maternal HFD during lactation impairs formation of melanocortin projections
- Abnormal insulin action in POMC neurons impairs POMC projections to preautonomic PVH
- Abrogating POMC insulin action improves glucose metabolism despite maternal HFD

Summary

Maternal metabolic homeostasis exerts long-term effects on the offspring’s health outcomes. Here, we demonstrate that maternal high-fat diet (HFD) feeding during lactation predisposes the offspring for obesity and impaired glucose homeostasis in mice, which is associated with an impairment of the hypothalamic melanocortin circuitry.

Whereas the number and neuropeptide expression of anorexigenic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) and orexigenic agouti-related peptide (AgRP) neurons, electrophysiological properties of POMC neurons, and posttranslational processing of POMC remain unaffected in response to maternal HFD feeding during lactation, the formation of POMC and AgRP projections to hypothalamic target sites is severely impaired.

Abrogating insulin action in POMC neurons of the offspring prevents altered POMC projections to the preautonomic paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVH), pancreatic parasympathetic innervation, and impaired glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in response to maternal overnutrition.

These experiments reveal a critical timing, when altered maternal metabolism disrupts metabolic homeostasis in the offspring via impairing neuronal projections, and show that abnormal insulin signaling contributes to this effect.

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