Food and Behaviour Research

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Nutritional status of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a pilot study

Kiddie JY, Weiss MD, Kitts DD, Levy-Milne R, Wasdell MB. (2010) Int J Pediatr.  767318. Epub 2010 Jun 28. 

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Objectives. This is a pilot study of the dietary intake and nutrient status of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Method. Nutritional assessment of 43 children aged 6-12 with ADHD was performed using a 3-day food record, 24-hour recall, and serum assessors.

Results. Macronutrient intake and consumption of Low-Nutrient Foods were comparable to population norms; however, 66% were found to be deficient in zinc and 23% in copper.

Conclusions. This pilot study reports the food intake and nutrient status of children with ADHD and shows a predisposition for low zinc and copper status in ADHD.