Food and Behaviour Research

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Malnutrition and Obesity in Children With ADHD

Güngör S, Celiloglu OS, Raif SG, Ozcan OO, Selimoglu MA. (2013) J Atten Disord.  [Epub ahead of print] 

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Objective: Low threshold of dissatisfaction and frustration in child and adolescent patients with 
ADHD lead to changes in dietary pattern with contribution to the development of obesity and other nutritional disorders. Methods: A total of 362 patients with the diagnosis of ADHD and 390children without any chronic disease were included to the study. We evaluated the anthropometric measurements for all cases.

Results: The overweight/obese cases according to weight for height (WFH) and body mass index scores were more likely in 
ADHD cases than control group. Malnourished cases according to WFH were more common in ADHD cases. Patients with weight standard deviation scores between 2 were significantly higher in ADHD cases than the control group patients.

Conclusion: Frequency of 
malnutrition and overweight/obese patients was found higher in ADHD cases compared with control group, and this situation suggested that ADHD is a risk factor for the development of eating disorders.