Food and Behaviour Research

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Metabolic Considerations in Autism Spectrum Disorder - A review of the literature

Mumper E, Bedell Cook S (2015) Natural Medicine Journal 7  

Web URL: Read the OPEN ACCESS review on the Natural Medicine Journal website here

Abstract:

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a disorder characterized by social, communication, and behavioral impairments, has increased dramatically in recent years. The conventional medical paradigm defines ASD as a neurological disorder. Conventional treatments rely on behavioral therapies and psychotropic medications but have limited success and tolerability. A new paradigm is emerging that views ASD as a multisystem disorder accompanied by metabolic and mitochondrial impairments. A clinical approach to assess and treat metabolic dysfunction in ASD is reviewed here.    

Here it is our aim to describe 3 metabolic impairments associated with ASD: methylation, transulfuration, and mitochondrial function. We review the pathophysiological mechanisms, assessment, and treatment of these metabolic impairments. We hope that clinicians will gain a greater awareness of, a deeper understanding of, and a confidence to navigate these complex metabolic pathways in children with ASD.