An international research team has shown, for the first time, that gut immune cells travel to the brain during multiple sclerosis (MS) flare-ups in patients.
A high-fructose syrup diet negatively disrupts the gut microbiome but a diet high in fruit modulates it favourably, supporting digestive health and counteracting harmful effects of excessive fructose, according to a pilot intervention study.
A new study has shown pregnant women with obesity could reduce the health risks for their infants through improved diet and more physical activity.
This winter, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, make sure you take the correct dose of vitamin D – for both you and your baby.
This study suggests that ASD likely develops in children due to a gut microbiome impact on the detoxification process in the gut.
Can exercise and nutrition improve cognition?
A new study suggests that consumption of fructose may worsen intestinal inflammation common to inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD).
Most patients with IBD habitually consume inadequate amounts of dietary fibre which may have negative effects on the gut microbiome and contribute to dysbiosis
During pregnancy, the maternal gut microbiota could potentially influence not only the health of the mother but the health of the developing offspring as well.
Healthy eating patterns, such as the Mediterranean diet, are associated with better mental health than “unhealthy” eating patterns, such as the Western diet.
A new review has found some promise for the use of vitamin D and mineral supplementation to support fibromyalgia sufferers. There was less evidence in favor of vitamins C and E and probiotics, however.
New research from the CHILD Cohort Study has shed light on the influence of vitamin D supplementation on a baby's developing gut microbiome. The study, published in the journal Gut Microbes, found that vitamin D supplementation is associated with compositional changes in a baby's microbiome—notably a lower abundance of the bacteria Megamonas—at three months of age.
Antibiotics use, particularly antibiotics with greater spectrum of microbial coverage, may be associated with an increased risk of new-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and its subtypes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
“Personalised probiotic cocktails” may be possible after a team use new insights to predict the success of Faecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) in addressing recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection (rCDI).
A world first clinical study of the gut microbiome in people with Huntington's disease (HD) has found that it is not just a disease of the brain, but also of the body. The study, led by Monash University's Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, with collaboration from the Florey Institute for Neurosciences found evidence of gut dysbiosis (altered bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract) in people with HD, with some of the gut measures associated with disease symptoms, such as impaired movements and thinking.
Probiotics alone or combined with prebiotics may help ease depression
Researchers have made a major breakthrough in understanding how individuals can have different reactions to the same diets.
Harvard University scientists have identified a new gut-brain connection in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND), through a study in mice. The researchers found that in mice with a common ALS genetic mutation, changing the gut microbiome using antibiotics or faecal transplants could prevent or improve disease symptoms.
A new study is among the first to trace the molecular connections between genetics, the gut microbiome and memory in a mouse model bred to resemble the diversity of the human population.
The discovery of a specialized gut-brain circuit offers new insight into the way the brain and body evolved to seek out sugar. By laying the foundation for new ways to modify this circuit, this research offers promising new paths to reducing sugar over-consumption.