A pregnant woman’s high blood sugar level is linked to a significantly greater long-term risk of obesity in her child - even more than a decade later, a new study reports. The higher the woman’s blood sugar, the greater the risk of her child being obese.
For the first time researchers have taken samples from inside people’s guts to find out how much probiotics change the composition of microbes and the chemical compounds they produce. And they found that the effect of probiotics depends on the bacteria that are already present in the gut.
Evidence for the gut-brain axis’ influence was shared in new research identifying the role high-fibre foods have in reducing the effects stress has on the gut and in anxiety-like behaviour.
Investigations into the relationship between nutrition and aspects of brain function relevant to mental health date back to the 1970s, and the subject forms central theme of FAB's work. But this area of research has recently gained new momentum within psychiatry.
Eating high fibre foods may reduce the effects of stress on our gut and behaviour, according to new research published in The Journal of Physiology.
Four new studies reported at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference (AAIC) 2018 in Chicago investigated how the digestive system, including gut and liver functions, may be related to changes in the brain, and to brain disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.
UNSW Sydney researchers presenting at the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Conference in Sydney this week highlighted evidence that suggest changes to a mother's microbiome, or gut health, brought on by obesity or a high fat diet during pregnancy can be transferred to the microbiome of her offspring.
The risk of developing autism-spectrum disorders is determined by the mother's microbiome - the collection of microorganisms that naturally live inside us - during pregnancy, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine suggests. The work raises the possibility that preventing forms of autism could be as simple as an expectant mom modifying her diet or taking custom probiotics.
The case for a prebiotic approach as an alternative nutritional treatment against obesity has strengthened with the publication of a review that points to the food ingredient’s beneficial effects on metabolism.
People with multiple sclerosis (MS) can find an abundance of conflicting advice suggesting that special diets will ease their symptoms. But the evidence is scanty. A new trial evaluates whether drastically cutting calories twice a week can change the body's immune environment and the gut microbiome, and potentially change the course of the disease.
A mother's diet during pregnancy may have an effect on the composition of her baby's gut microbiome - the community of bacteria living in the gut - and the effect may vary by delivery mode, according to study published in the open access journal Microbiome.
As the number of mothers-to-be suffering from gestational diabetes continues to rise, experts are calling for more research to find effective nutritional therapies that can help control the condition while promoting normal baby growth.
People with type 2 diabetes and obesity suffer from depression and anxiety more than the average. Researchers have demonstrated a surprising potential contributor to these negative feelings - the bacteria in the gut, or gut microbiome, as it is known.
A 2012 study found that Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis (two types of IBD) are significantly on the rise. A follow-up study published last year in The Lancet demonstrated that these diseases affect over 0.3 per cent of the population in North America, Oceania and many countries in Europe.
There are three types - starch, sugar and fibre. Starch is what we usually understand carbs to mean - foods like bread, pasta, potatoes and rice - but these "beige" varieties aren't good for you.
Mothers who eat healthy fats from oily fish may help their children form healthy guts and prevent them from gaining weight. This new study shows that in laboratory mice, pups gain less weight on a high-fat diet if they are born to a mother who has more omega-3 fats in her body.
The antimicrobial chemical triclosan is in thousands of products that we use daily: hand soaps, toothpastes, body wash, kitchenware and even some toys. Studies suggest that this compound may have widespread health risks, including aggravating inflammation in the gut and promoting the development colon cancer by altering the gut microbiota.
If anything makes us human it's our minds, thoughts and emotions. And yet a controversial new concept is emerging that claims gut bacteria are an invisible hand altering our brains. Science is piecing together how the trillions of microbes that live on and in all of us - our microbiome - affect our physical health.
Several studies show that healthy eating is connected with better mood.
The Soft Drinks Industry Levy charges manufacturers based on the amount of sugar added to beverages. Campaigners hope it will reduce obesity levels and improve health.