New research from the CHILD Cohort Study has shed light on the influence of vitamin D supplementation on a baby's developing gut microbiome. The study, published in the journal Gut Microbes, found that vitamin D supplementation is associated with compositional changes in a baby's microbiome—notably a lower abundance of the bacteria Megamonas—at three months of age.
Antibiotics use, particularly antibiotics with greater spectrum of microbial coverage, may be associated with an increased risk of new-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and its subtypes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
“Personalised probiotic cocktails” may be possible after a team use new insights to predict the success of Faecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT) in addressing recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection (rCDI).
A world first clinical study of the gut microbiome in people with Huntington's disease (HD) has found that it is not just a disease of the brain, but also of the body. The study, led by Monash University's Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, with collaboration from the Florey Institute for Neurosciences found evidence of gut dysbiosis (altered bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract) in people with HD, with some of the gut measures associated with disease symptoms, such as impaired movements and thinking.
Probiotics alone or combined with prebiotics may help ease depression
Researchers have made a major breakthrough in understanding how individuals can have different reactions to the same diets.
Harvard University scientists have identified a new gut-brain connection in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neurone disease (MND), through a study in mice. The researchers found that in mice with a common ALS genetic mutation, changing the gut microbiome using antibiotics or faecal transplants could prevent or improve disease symptoms.
A new study is among the first to trace the molecular connections between genetics, the gut microbiome and memory in a mouse model bred to resemble the diversity of the human population.
The discovery of a specialized gut-brain circuit offers new insight into the way the brain and body evolved to seek out sugar. By laying the foundation for new ways to modify this circuit, this research offers promising new paths to reducing sugar over-consumption.
Prebiotics can improve sleep and boost stress resilience by influencing gut bacteria and the metabolites they produce - study.
In a mouse model, a mother's gut microbiota were seen to shape the metabolism of her offspring in later life.
Study study finds that eating a Mediterranean diet causes microbiome changes linked to improvements in cognitive function and memory, immunity and bone strength.
Researchers have studied a key difference between the microbiome of lab mice and humans caused by rodents' tendency to eat their own faeces, which they say could have wide-ranging implications to numerous research areas.
Study finds that gut microbiome composition and diversity are related to differences in personality, including sociability and neuroticism.
Certain additives and artificial sweeteners can change microbial composition, say scientists, who note the altered profile is similar to that seen in those with inflammatory bowel disease or obesity.
Study asks if the microbes in our digestive track can influence our mental state and, if so, how?
Project is the first to test green algae on symptoms related to human digestion.
Microbiome sequencing is ‘more accurate’ than full genome sequencing at distinguishing between healthy and ill people… and could predict whether you are likely to die in the next 15 years, two new papers suggest
Recent research indicates the gut microbiome could be a potential determinant of how a child’s environment ultimately impacts their neurobiological function and mental health outcomes.
When treating antibiotic-resistant infections, injecting patients with other people’s excrement - a fecal transplant - can be highly effective. Could it be the answer to dementia, anorexia and obesity too?