Sugar can silence a key protein required for colonization by a gut bacterium associated with lean and healthy individuals, according to a new Yale study.
Scientists estimate that we share our bodies with 38 trillion organisms that play an integral part in keeping us healthy and making us who we are. They crawl across our skin, cling to our intestines, and generally call our bodies home.
The gut microbiome - the world of microbes that inhabit the human intestinal tract - has captured the interest of scientists and clinicians for its critical role in health. However, parsing which of those microbes are responsible for effects on our wellbeing remains a mystery.
Researchers report that administration of the bacterium Lactobacillus reuteri could lead to specific changes in the brain, holding hope for the development of novel therapies for neurological disorders such as autism, through modulating specific microbes in the gut.
Researcher Meghan Azad, a University of Manitoba pediatrics and child health assistant professor, is breaking new ground with her findings on how breastmilk affects the baby's gut flora.
When healthy people eat a low-gluten and fibre-rich diet compared with a high-gluten diet, they experience less intestinal discomfort including less bloating. Researchers at University of Copenhagen show that this is due to changes of the composition and function of gut bacteria.
Moving to a new country can be challenging, not just for us but also for our bacteria. A compelling new study published in Cell suggests migration between certain countries can profoundly affect the bacteria that live in our digestive systems, with important implications for our health.
A new study finds that while formula and breast milk encourage the growth of similar kinds of bacteria in babies' digestive tracts, the bacteria work differently. The health implications of these differences are as yet unclear.
The number of health-related microbiome projects has almost doubled in the last three years, with EU funding almost twice that of non-health related gut research. "Personalised nutrition" is one of the endgames.
A child has until the age of two-and-a-half to establish healthy gut bacteria - with little change after this point, new research has revealed.
Researchers explored the sequence of microbial colonization in the infant gut through age 4 and found distinct stages of development in the microbiome that were associated with early life exposures.
We've all experienced a "gut feeling" - when we know deep down inside that something is true. That phenomenon aptly describes what scientists have now demonstrated: that the gut and the brain are more closely connected than we once thought, and in fact the health of one can affect the other.
A new study reports T cells are activated in the intestines and migrate to the brain, causing an inflammatory cascade that may lead to multiple sclerosis. Researchers say the gut microbiome may play a more significant role in the development and progression of MS than previously believed.
The gut and the brain are more closely connected than was ever imagined previously, and the health of one can affect the other.
Inflammation may be a strong contender for the connection between mom’s weight and children’s neurodevelopment, according to lab studies on animals.
Find an observational study touching on a lifestyle choice or widespread health concern… take the associations found in the study and erroneously present them with cause-and-effect language… finally, make matters worse by de-emphasizing caveats and limitations but emphasizing clickbait headlines, thereby leading readers down the path to misinformation...
Clean eating?... Commonly used household cleaners could be making children overweight by altering their gut microbiota, says a new Canadian study.
As mammals age, immune cells in the brain known as microglia become chronically inflamed. In this state, they produce chemicals known to impair cognitive and motor function. That's one explanation for why memory fades and other brain functions decline during old age. But, according to a new study from the University of Illinois, there may be a remedy to delay the inevitable: dietary fibre.
A pregnant woman’s high blood sugar level is linked to a significantly greater long-term risk of obesity in her child - even more than a decade later, a new study reports. The higher the woman’s blood sugar, the greater the risk of her child being obese.
For the first time researchers have taken samples from inside people’s guts to find out how much probiotics change the composition of microbes and the chemical compounds they produce. And they found that the effect of probiotics depends on the bacteria that are already present in the gut.