Food and Behaviour Research

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Fish and fish-liver oil consumption in adolescence and midlife and risk of CHD in older women

Haraldsdottir A, Torfadottir JE, Valdimarsdottir UA, Aspelund T, Harris TB, Launer LJ, Gudnason V, Steingrimsdottir L (2015) Public Health Nutr.   DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980015001020 

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Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:

To study the association of fish and fish-liver oil consumption across the lifespan with CHD later in life among Icelandic women, with special emphasis on the effects of consumption in adolescence.

DESIGN:

Prevalence association study. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and 95 % confidence intervals of CHD according to fishor fish-liver oil exposure. Models were adjusted for age, education, concurrent diet and other known risk factors.

SETTING:

The study was nested within the AGES-Reykjavik Study, conducted in Reykjavik, Iceland.

SUBJECTS:

Participants were 3326 women aged 66-96 years, with available information on CHD status at entry to the study and information on fishand fish-liver oil consumption during midlife and adolescence. Dietary habits were assessed retrospectively using a validated FFQ.

RESULTS:

CHD was identified in 234 (7·9 %) women. Compared with women with no intake of fish-liver oil in adolescence or midlifewomen who consumed fish-liver oil at least three times weekly in adolescence or in midlife had a decreased risk of CHD (OR=0·62; 95 % CI 0·45, 0·85 and OR=0·68; 95 % CI 0·50, 0·94, respectively). No associations were observed between fish intake (>2 portions/week v. ≤2 portions/week) inadolescence or midlife and CHD in this population with high fish intake.

CONCLUSIONS:

Fish-liver oil consumption, from early life, may reduce the risk of CHD in older women. Lifelong nutrition may be of importance in the prevention of CHD in older women.